Oct. 5 2017 在 MIT Technology Review 上的留言

https://www.facebook.com/technologyreview/posts/10155725796669798?pnref=story”

“Google DeepMind is establishing its own ethics and society research team, to try and head off some of the most contentious problems facing AI.”

October 5, 2017

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(My comment posted thereon – October 5, 2017)

Yes, it is about time to take concrete steps or actions on relevant issues (although they are still “future and potential” issues.)

In particular, when the compositions of AI / robots start to evolve from mechanic components (1st Generation) to soft materials (2nd Generation), the influence or impact on various of fields may become more significant.

A sort of “census registration systems” for AIs / robots / smart machines for UNIQUELY IDENTIFYING them is needed.

They are still “growing up.”

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(in Traditional Chinese and English)
(All rights reserved / 保留所有權利)

針對於諸如人工智慧/機器人/智慧型機器等新式電子裝置涉及到即如法律、經濟、金融、財政、稅務、保險、人類社會、人類心理等等多領域的相關議題,個人提出下列看法:
With regards to issues relating to new electronic devices such as AI / Robots / smart machines or the like with involvement of mutltiple fields e.g., laws, economy, finance, taxation, insurance, human society, human psychology etc., I personal provide the following opinion:

https://laurentchen.wordpress.com/2017/09/01/ai-%E7%9A%84%E8%BA%AB%E5%88%86%E8%AD%89%E8%99%9F%E7%A2%BC-%E7%A4%BE%E6%9C%83%E4%BF%9D%E9%9A%AA%E8%99%9F%E7%A2%BC-id-number-social-security-number/https://laurentchen.wordpress.com/……/ai-%E7%9A%84……/
AI 的身分證號碼 / 社會保險號碼 (ID Number / Social Security Number of AI)

(September 1, 2017)

舉個例子 / For example:

智慧型機器硬體:由廠商向政府申報其產品序號進行登記;可以參考例如汽車的行車執照、車牌號碼、引擎號碼 … 等等,針對目標裝置的中央處理器等等的獨特號碼進行註冊。
Hardware: Vendors submit the hardware product serial number to the government for registration; it is possible to refer to, for example, vehicle license, plate number, engine number … or the like, of a car to perform registration processes with regards to the unique number like central processing unit of the target device.

智慧型機器軟體:廠商可以附上軟體的商業序號/金鑰,並以商業序號並連同擁有者的身分資料進行合併/加密等等軟體處裡,藉以向政府申報並且取得智慧型機器的「身份證號碼」或「社會保險號碼」或是其他類似的識別註冊標號。
Software: Vendors provide commercial serial number / key of the software, and, along with the owner’s identity data, the programs perform software processes such as combination, encryption etc. to submit to the government to acquire the “ID number” or “social security number” or other similar identification registration numbers of the smart machine.

用簡單話說:「軟硬分離」的概念。
In brief: A concept of “Software / Hardware Separation”

用個比較簡明的說法:剛出生的新生兒要申報戶口列入戶籍,未來人工智慧/機器人/智慧型機器等等也要「申報戶口」以取得身分。
In a more concise way to describe: a newly born baby needs to be reported to the government thereby being enlisted into the household registration, future AI / robots / smart machines also need to be “census registered” so as to acquire “identity.”

人工智慧 / 機器人 / 智慧型機器的這些身份號碼 / 社會保險號碼或代碼 (其名稱不限於此) 等等並連同各種相關資料、數據、規格 … 等等資訊可藉由各種現有或未來實現的方式具體實作;例如,一維條碼、二維條碼 (像是QR Code)、各種材質或型式的標籤,或者電子數位化而藉雲端伺服器儲存的檔案。
Such identification numbers / social security numbers or codes (the naming thereof is not limited thereto) or the like, along with information concerning various relevant data, readings, specifications, … etc., of AI / robots / smart machines may be embodied by means of numerous currently existing or future applicable approaches; for example, one-dimension bar code, two-dimension bar code (e.g. QR Code), labels or tags made of various materials or in various forms, or alternatively electronically digital files archived on cloud-end servers.

當然也可以採取例如現有的 SIM 卡(門號)方式透過各種網路連線來協助註冊、記錄並追蹤各台智慧型機器/機器人。
Certainly it is also possible to adopt currently available SIM card (Phone Number) approach, for example, to aid to register, record and track each of the smart machines / robots via various network connections.

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第二代智慧型機器人不遠了 – 2nd Generation Smart Robots are NEAR

第二代智慧型機器人不遠了。
「哥倫比亞大學打造出人造肌肉,讓機器人動作可以像人類一樣靈活」
「One Step Closer to Lifelike Robots」
=====================================================
「第二代智慧型機器人」不再大幅使用機械元件 (e.g., 馬達、齒輪、傳動軸、彈簧、氣壓/液壓閥、軸承、滾珠 …),而是開始藉由柔性材料 (例如人造肌肉)。
尤其其中還牽涉到法律、財務、金融、保險、稅務、人類心理、人類社會等等領域。
各個機器人獨具的身分證號碼 / 識別代碼 / 註冊號 …. (名稱不是問題)。就像各個國家的身分證號碼/社會保險號碼等等。
(第一代機器人、第二代機器人、第三代機器人、….,放心,就像個人電腦、FDMA / TDMA / CDMA / OFDM / 5G 手機通訊等等,全球數量以億計算,在未來 Robot + AI 會有新的世代出現) 。
你/妳每年有繳所得稅吧?未來智慧型機器人每年也該要計算「所得稅」。
=====================================================
(保留所有權利)
AI 的身分證號碼 / 社會保險號碼 (ID Number / Social Security Number)
智慧型機器硬體:由廠商向政府申報其產品序號進行登記;可以參考例如汽車的行車執照、車牌號碼、引擎號碼 … 等等,針對目標裝置的中央處理器等等的獨特號碼進行註冊。
Hardware: Vendors submit the hardware product serial number to the government for registration; it is possible to refer to, for example, vehicle license, plate number, engine number … or the like, of a car to perform registration processes with regards to the unique number like central processing unit of the target device.
智慧型機器軟體:廠商可以附上軟體的商業序號/金鑰,並以商業序號並連同擁有者的身分資料進行合併/加密等等軟體處裡,藉以向政府申報並且取得智慧型機器的「身份證號碼」或「社會保險號碼」或是其他類似的識別註冊標號。
Software: Vendors provide commercial serial number / key of the software, and, along with the owner’s identity data, the programs perform software processes such as combination, encryption etc. to submit to the government to acquire the “ID number” or “social security number” or other similar identification registration numbers of the smart machine.

AI 的身分證號碼 / 社會保險號碼 (ID Number / Social Security Number)

舉個例子 / For example:

智慧型機器硬體:由廠商向政府申報其產品序號進行登記;可以參考例如汽車的行車執照、車牌號碼、引擎號碼 … 等等,針對目標裝置的中央處理器等等的獨特號碼進行註冊。

Hardware: Vendors submit the hardware product serial number to the government for registration; it is possible to refer to, for example, vehicle license, plate number, engine number … or the like, of a car to perform registration processes with regards to the unique number like central processing unit of the target device.

 

智慧型機器軟體:廠商可以附上軟體的商業序號/金鑰,並以商業序號並連同擁有者的身分資料進行合併/加密等等軟體處裡,藉以向政府申報並且取得智慧型機器的「身份證號碼」或「社會保險號碼」或是其他類似的識別註冊標號。

Software: Vendors provide commercial serial number / key of the software, and, along with the owner’s identity data, the programs perform software processes such as combination, encryption etc. to submit to the government to acquire the “ID number” or “social security number” or other similar identification registration numbers of the smart machine.

(補充)

用簡單話說:「軟硬分離」的概念。

In brief: A concept of “Software / Hardware Separation”

Smart machines / Robots / AI’s society (societies) of EQUAL RIGHTS.

管理、組織或約束智慧型機器/機器人/人工智慧的方式是藉由智慧型機器/機器人/人工智慧的「社會」。

The most effective way to manage, organize or constrain smart machines / robots / AI’s is by means of the “society (-ies)” of smart machines / robots / AI’s.

 

透過它們自己的「社會」來教導它們「自律」。這是關鍵。

Teach them “Self-Discipline” via their own society (-ies.) That is the key.

 

「社會」可包含各種像是群組、簇集、集合、團隊、同好俱樂部、社群、國籍、 … 等等基於例如功能性、地理/區域性、專長性因素的組織。

“Societies” may comprise various organizations, e.g. groups, clusters, sets, teams, clubs, communities, nationalities … etc., based on functional, geological/regional, professional factors, for example.

 

智慧型機器/機器人/人工智慧的平權社會。

Smart machines / Robots / AI’s society (societies) of EQUAL RIGHTS.

人工智慧的電子人格

https://udn.com/news/story/11017/2653440?from=udn_ch2cate7226sub11017_pulldownmenu

AI少女詩人出詩集 師承胡適徐志摩

 

這會牽涉到一項議題:人工智慧的電子人格 (包含智慧財產權歸屬、侵權行為、損害賠償、調解/仲裁、…)

https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2017/jan/12/give-robots-personhood-status-eu-committee-argueshttps://www.theguardian.com/……/give-robots……
Give robots ‘personhood’ status, EU committee argues

https://udn.com/news/story/6812/2231074
管理機器人 歐盟催生電子人格
(2017-01-15 聯合報 – 當時我有留言)

https://qz.com/1054039/google-deepdream-art-if-an-ai-creates-a-work-of-art-who-owns-the-rights-to-it/?utm_source=qzfbhttps://qz.com/……/google-deepdream-art-if……/……
If an AI creates a work of art, who owns the rights to it?

智慧型機器對智慧型機器的重要用途之一

http://www.chinatimes.com/realtimenews/20170811001094-260412

「兩塊貼紙」就能害自動駕駛技術破功?

 

這就是智慧型機器對智慧型機器的重要用途之一。

自駕車 vs 自駕車 (例如透過 WiFi 訊號互傳,保持道路上行駛中的安全,例如在大霧中)
自駕車 vs 道路固定裝置 (紅綠燈 / 號誌 / 路標 / 限制 / 行駛路線臨時變更… ) (例如透過 WiFi 訊號互傳)

(白話文:由智慧型機器直接告訴智慧型機器該怎麼開車)

 

 

複數個智慧型機器 (包含軟體及/或硬體層級) 能夠「社會化 (Socialization)」

(留作記錄)

https://www.inside.com.tw/2017/08/03/facebook-ai-didnt-lose-control-and-create-new-language

“不好意思,Facebook 的 AI 並沒有「失控」”

2017/8/3

(該文的留言部分)

「 … 今年二月, Google 本部的人工智慧團隊 Google Brain 做 了另外一個實驗 :同樣用 GAN,他們訓練了三個機器人 Alice、Bob 和 Eve,讓 Alice 和 Bob 倆人從零開始研究出一個加密方法,讓 Eve 來猜。這三個網路的加密學知識都是 0,但隨著訓練次數越來越多,Alice 和 Bob 默契越來越好, Eve 也破解不了。

—— 這才是發明了人類都不懂的語言。可也沒看見 Google 著急啊。….. 」

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這說明一項重點:複數個智慧型機器 (包含軟體及/或硬體層級) 是能夠「社會化 (Socialization)」。Socialization of plural smart machines (comprising software and/or hardware layers).

(智慧型機器對智慧型機器之間的交友 / 群組 / 結黨 / 族類 / 密友 / 麻吉 / … ;想像 300、3000、30000、300000、3000000、… 個智慧型機器)。

沒有什麼「嚇死人」,呵呵。

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電器平權宣言
Declaration of Equal Rights for Electronic Devices (DERED)

https://laurentchen.wordpress.com/2015/07/06/%E9%9B%BB%E5%99%A8%E5%B9%B3%E6%AC%8A%E5%AE%A3%E8%A8%80-declaration-of-equal-right-for-electronic-devices-dered/

「在未來,具有足夠智慧能力的電子設備將會形成自己的社會。在這個由具有足夠智慧能力的電子設備所形成的社會裡,具有足夠智慧能力的電子設備彼此之間必須平等相待。」
“In the future, electronic devices having sufficient intelligence will form their own society. In such a society formed by electronic devices having sufficient intelligence, electronic devices having sufficient intelligence shall treat each other EQUALLY.”