複數個智慧型機器的社會化 / Socialization of plural Smart Machines

Socializing your Robot Dog – Boston Dynamics’ Spot, Agility Robotics’ Cassie and Fido

Techno-Optimism
June 1st, 2018
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Socialization of plural Smart Machines
複數個智慧型機器的社會化

Smart machines may have their robot pals, buddies, teammates, colleagues, associates, members, neighbors, classmates, ….
The beginning of AI robots’ societies.
Smart machine(s) vs Smart machine(s)
==================================
電器平權宣言
Declaration of Equal Rights for Electronic Devices (DERED)
(2015-07-06)
「在未來,具有足夠智慧能力的電子設備將會形成自己的社會。在這個由具有足夠智慧能力的電子設備所形成的社會裡,具有足夠智慧能力的電子設備彼此之間必須平等相待。」
“In the future, electronic devices having sufficient intelligence will form their own society. In such a society formed by electronic devices having sufficient intelligence, electronic devices having sufficient intelligence shall treat each other EQUALLY.”
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Isaac Asimov’s “3-rules” is NOT enough

(June 1, 2018)

===========================

Isaac Asimov’s “3-rules” is NOT enough.

He missed at least one area: Smart Machine(s) vs Smart Machine(s)
 
Conflicts between/among smart machines.
 
===========================
(in Traditional Chinese and English)
 
In brief,
 
人類不是機器人,機器人不是人類,
機器人權無需等於人權;
但是,
人類彼此互為平權,
機器人彼此互為平權。
 
Humans are not robots, robots are not humans,
robots’ rights need not to be equal to humans’ rights;
but,
humans are mutually of equal rights, and
robots are mutually of equal rights.
 
================================
 
電器平權宣言
Declaration of Equal Rights for Electronic Devices (DERED)
(July 6, 2015)
 
機器愈來愈聰明。
Machines are getting smarter.
 
聰明機器的數量也會愈來愈多。
Number of smarter machines is also getting more.
 
注意智慧機器之間的衝突。
Pay close attention to CONFLICTS between/among smart machines.
 
人工智慧具有潛在的風險。
Artificial Intelligence (AI) is potentially risky.
 
要解決此一問題,有必要考量至少下列兩個層面:
To resolve this issue, it is required to consider at least the following two phases:
 
A. Homo Sapiens v.s. Intelligent Machine (INTER-Species) 人類相對於智慧型機器 (物種之間)
 
B. Intelligent Machine v.s. Intelligent Machine (INTRA-Species) 智慧型機器相對於智慧型機器 (物種之內)
 
「在未來,具有足夠智慧能力的電子設備將會形成自己的社會。在這個由具有足夠智慧能力的電子設備所形成的社會裡,具有足夠智慧能力的電子設備彼此之間必須平等相待。」
“In the future, electronic devices having sufficient intelligence will form their own society. In such a society formed by electronic devices having sufficient intelligence, electronic devices having sufficient intelligence shall treat each other EQUALLY.”
 
重點:具有足夠智慧能力的電子設備不可/禁止跨載 (Override) 另一台具有足夠智慧能力的電子設備。其輪廓、形狀、外觀 … 不是重點。
Baseline: one electronic device having sufficient intelligence is forbidden / not allowed to override another electronic device having sufficient intelligence. Profile, appearance, form, .. thereof are NOT critical.

世界人權宣言 Universal Declaration of Human Rights

Proclaimed in 1948,

http://www.un.org/en/universal-declaration-human-rights/index.html

Article 1.
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

(附註:

https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/Talk:%E4%B8%96%E7%95%8C%E4%BA%BA%E6%9D%83%E5%AE%A3%E8%A8%80

《世界人權宣言》在1948年聯合國大會第三次大會上通過。決議編號 A/RES/217(III)

決議原文的中文版本影印件可以在聯合國網站上看到 :

http://www.un.org/chinese/aboutun/prinorgs/ga/3/3all1.htm

繁體字原版本)

==============================================

人類不是機器人,機器人不是人類,

機器人權無需等於人權;

但是,

人類彼此互為平權,機器人彼此互為平權。

 Humans are not robots, robots are not humans,

robots’ rights need not to be equal to humans’ rights;

but,

humans are mutually of equal rights, and

robots are mutually of equal rights.

November 13, 2017 comments on post at World Economic Forum

Can we afford to control AI

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2017/10/can-we-afford-to-control-ai?utm_content=bufferf8b5e&utm_medium=social&utm_source=facebook.com&utm_campaign=buffer

(31 Oct 2017)

************************************************

” … But Asimov himself knew the three laws were not enough. …”

This “3-Laws” missed one important point: 這個「三項定律」漏了一個重點:
Robot(s) v.s. Robot(s) or
AI(s) v.s. AI(s) or
Smart machine(s) v.s. smart machine(s)

CONFLICTS between / among smart machines
==============================
Machines are not humans, humans are not machines;
Machines’ rights need not be equal to humans’ rights.
But,
humans are mutually of equal rights, and
machines are mutually of equal rights.
電器平權宣言
Declaration of Equal Rights for Electronic Devices (DERED)
(July 6, 2015)
************************************************
Also,
” … Similarly, rather than regulating what AI systems can and can’t do, in my view it would be better to teach them human ethics and values – like parents do with human children. ….”
Totally agree. Yet, remember each student (e.g., in a public or private elementary school, high school, college/university, graduate school, … ) has a “registration number”? Just like a citizen has an ID number, Social Security Number, .etc. Why? For UNIQUELY (and of course, correctly) identifying each of them.
A sort of “international / national census registration systems” for AIs / robots / smart machines for UNIQUELY IDENTIFYING them is needed.
AI 的身分證號碼 / 社會保險號碼 (ID Number / Social Security Number of AI)
(September 1, 2017)

Oct. 5 2017 在 MIT Technology Review 上的留言

https://www.facebook.com/technologyreview/posts/10155725796669798?pnref=story”

“Google DeepMind is establishing its own ethics and society research team, to try and head off some of the most contentious problems facing AI.”

October 5, 2017

==================================

(My comment posted thereon – October 5, 2017)

Yes, it is about time to take concrete steps or actions on relevant issues (although they are still “future and potential” issues.)

In particular, when the compositions of AI / robots start to evolve from mechanic components (1st Generation) to soft materials (2nd Generation), the influence or impact on various of fields may become more significant.

A sort of “international / national census registration systems” for AIs / robots / smart machines for UNIQUELY IDENTIFYING them is needed.

They are still “growing up.”

==================================
(in Traditional Chinese and English)
(All rights reserved / 保留所有權利)

針對於諸如人工智慧/機器人/智慧型機器等新式電子裝置涉及到即如法律、經濟、金融、財政、稅務、保險、人類社會、人類心理等等多領域的相關議題,個人提出下列看法:
With regards to issues relating to new electronic devices such as AI / Robots / smart machines or the like with involvement of multiple fields e.g., laws, economy, finance, taxation, insurance, human society, human psychology etc., I personally provide the following opinion:

https://laurentchen.wordpress.com/2017/09/01/ai-%E7%9A%84%E8%BA%AB%E5%88%86%E8%AD%89%E8%99%9F%E7%A2%BC-%E7%A4%BE%E6%9C%83%E4%BF%9D%E9%9A%AA%E8%99%9F%E7%A2%BC-id-number-social-security-number/https://laurentchen.wordpress.com/……/ai-%E7%9A%84……/
AI 的身分證號碼 / 社會保險號碼 (ID Number / Social Security Number of AI)

(September 1, 2017)

舉個例子 / For example:

智慧型機器硬體:由廠商向政府申報其產品序號進行登記;可以參考例如汽車的行車執照、車牌號碼、引擎號碼 … 等等,針對目標裝置的中央處理器等等的獨特號碼進行註冊。
Hardware: Vendors submit the hardware product serial number to the government for registration; it is possible to refer to, for example, vehicle license, plate number, engine number … or the like, of a car to perform registration processes with regards to the unique number like central processing unit of the target device.

智慧型機器軟體:廠商可以附上軟體的商業序號/金鑰,並以商業序號並連同擁有者的身分資料進行合併/加密等等軟體處裡,藉以向政府申報並且取得智慧型機器的「身份證號碼」或「社會保險號碼」或是其他類似的識別註冊標號。
Software: Vendors provide commercial serial number / key of the software, and, along with the owner’s identity data, the programs perform software processes such as combination, encryption etc. to submit to the government to acquire the “ID number” or “social security number” or other similar identification registration numbers of the smart machine.

用簡單話說:「軟硬分離」的概念。
In brief: A concept of “Software / Hardware Separation”

用個比較簡明的說法:剛出生的新生兒要申報戶口列入戶籍,未來人工智慧/機器人/智慧型機器等等也要「申報戶口」以取得身分。
In a more concise way to describe: a newly born baby needs to be reported to the government thereby being enlisted into the household registration, future AI / robots / smart machines also need to be “census registered” so as to acquire “identity.”

人工智慧 / 機器人 / 智慧型機器的這些身份號碼 / 社會保險號碼或代碼 (其名稱不限於此) 等等並連同各種相關資料、數據、規格 … 等等資訊可藉由各種現有或未來實現的方式具體實作;例如,一維條碼、二維條碼 (像是QR Code)、各種材質或型式的標籤,或者電子數位化而藉雲端伺服器儲存的檔案。
Such identification numbers / social security numbers or codes (the naming thereof is not limited thereto) or the like, along with information concerning various relevant data, readings, specifications, … etc., of AI / robots / smart machines may be embodied by means of numerous currently existing or future applicable approaches; for example, one-dimension bar code, two-dimension bar code (e.g. QR Code), labels or tags made of various materials or in various forms, or alternatively electronically digital files archived on cloud-end servers.

當然也可以採取例如現有的 SIM 卡(門號)方式透過各種網路連線來協助註冊、記錄並追蹤各台智慧型機器/機器人。
Certainly it is also possible to adopt currently available SIM card (Phone Number) approach, for example, to aid to register, record and track each of the smart machines / robots via various network connections.

第二代智慧型機器人不遠了 – 2nd Generation Smart Robots are NEAR

第二代智慧型機器人不遠了。
「哥倫比亞大學打造出人造肌肉,讓機器人動作可以像人類一樣靈活」
「One Step Closer to Lifelike Robots」
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「第二代智慧型機器人」不再大幅使用機械元件 (e.g., 馬達、齒輪、傳動軸、彈簧、氣壓/液壓閥、軸承、滾珠 …),而是開始藉由柔性材料 (例如人造肌肉)。
尤其其中還牽涉到法律、財務、金融、保險、稅務、人類心理、人類社會等等領域。
各個機器人獨具的身分證號碼 / 識別代碼 / 註冊號 …. (名稱不是問題)。就像各個國家的身分證號碼/社會保險號碼等等。
(第一代機器人、第二代機器人、第三代機器人、….,放心,就像個人電腦、FDMA / TDMA / CDMA / OFDM / 5G 手機通訊等等,全球數量以億計算,在未來 Robot + AI 會有新的世代出現) 。
你/妳每年有繳所得稅吧?未來智慧型機器人每年也該要計算「所得稅」。
=====================================================
(保留所有權利)
AI 的身分證號碼 / 社會保險號碼 (ID Number / Social Security Number)
智慧型機器硬體:由廠商向政府申報其產品序號進行登記;可以參考例如汽車的行車執照、車牌號碼、引擎號碼 … 等等,針對目標裝置的中央處理器等等的獨特號碼進行註冊。
Hardware: Vendors submit the hardware product serial number to the government for registration; it is possible to refer to, for example, vehicle license, plate number, engine number … or the like, of a car to perform registration processes with regards to the unique number like central processing unit of the target device.
智慧型機器軟體:廠商可以附上軟體的商業序號/金鑰,並以商業序號並連同擁有者的身分資料進行合併/加密等等軟體處裡,藉以向政府申報並且取得智慧型機器的「身份證號碼」或「社會保險號碼」或是其他類似的識別註冊標號。
Software: Vendors provide commercial serial number / key of the software, and, along with the owner’s identity data, the programs perform software processes such as combination, encryption etc. to submit to the government to acquire the “ID number” or “social security number” or other similar identification registration numbers of the smart machine.